In 1980, genetically altered living organisms were deemed eligible for patent protection as the result of a Supreme Court ruling in Diamond v. Chakrabarty, 447 U.S. 303, 206 USPQ 193 (1980), which held that a human-made microorganism (bacterium capable of breaking down crude oil) was patentable as a “manufacture” or “composite of matter.” Prior, such subject matter was excluded from patent protection, included with items exempted by statutory prohibition or judicial interpretation, including products of nature and laws of nature. However, the Court ruled a live, human-made micro-organism is patentable subject
Private companies that are not associated with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) or San Diego IP Law Group LLP abscond trademark application and registration information from publicly available USPTO databases in order to mail or e-mail deceptive trademark-related solicitations directly to trademark owners. Such solicitations include offers for legal services, trademark monitoring services, recording trademarks with U.S. Customs and Border Protection and registration of trademarks in a private registry.
Such solicitations are scams! Unscrupulous companies use names and designs that resemble the USPTO name, including, for example, one